Vienna Sobibor Transport - June 1942
27/II Reichsbruckenstrase 46
Vienna, 20 June 1942
Re: Transport guard for Jewish transport, Vienna, Aspang Railway Station to Sobibor on 14 June 1942.
The transport guard consisted of police Lt. Fischmann in charge, 2 senior and 13 policemen of the 1st Police and Reserve Company East. The transport guard commenced duties on the Aspang station on 14.6.1942 at 11.00 o’clock having previously confirmed details with SS-
1.Departure of the Jews
The Jews started to board the special train at 12.00 under the control and supervision of SS Hauptsturmführer Brunner and SS Hauptscharführer Girzik from the HQ office for Jewish emigration. There were no incidents. The transport guard started their duties. A total of 1,000 Jews were transported. The official handover of the Jews according to transport lists took place at 16.00 hours. The transport guard had to be content with third class compartments as there was a shortage of second class compartments.
2. Journey from Vienna to Sobibor
The train DA 38 was dispatched from Vienna on 14.6.1942 at 19.08 and went via Lundenburg, Brunn, Neisse, Oppeln, Czestochowa, Kielce, Radom, Deblin, Lublin, Chelm to Sobibor, and not, as planned to Izbica. Arrival at Sobibor on 17.6.1942 at 8.15 hours. SS-
3. Handover of Jews in Sobibor
The train arrived at the work-
4. Journey from Sobibor back to Vienna
We departed from Sobibor for Lublin by special train at 10.00 immediately after the unloading of the Jews. Arrived at Lublin on 18.6 at 2.30 hours
Travel expenses were not paid for this train. We left Lublin on 18.6 at 8.13 by scheduled fast train to Krakau where we arrived on the same day at 17.30. At Krakau we stayed overnight at the Reserve Police Company 74/3. On the 19.6 the named company distributed a day’s food ration for the 16 men of the transport guard. The journey from Krakau started on 19.6 at 20.08 on another scheduled fast train. We arrived at Vienna East Station on 20.6.42 at 6.30 hours.
5. Stay at Krakau
The transport guard stayed at Krakau for 26 and a half hours
6. Border Crossing
The special train to Sobibor crossed the Reichs – Polish border on 15.6. 1942 at 13.45 hours and the scheduled fast train crossed the border on the return journey on 20.6.1942 at 0.15 hours.
7. Food Provisions
The men of the transport guard received cold provisions for 4 days, namely sausage, bread, marmalade and butter. This was found to be inadequate. The rations received at Krakau,from the third company of the reserve battalion 74, was of good quality and adequate.
In future, it would be necessary to supply the men of the transport guard with Field provisions as cold food does not keep long enough during the summer months. The sausage – it was of a soft kind – was already at the time of issue mouldy and had to be used up by the third day before it became totally inedible. On the fourth day, the men had to be satisfied with a diet of marmalade, because the butter went also rancid in the great heat in the carriages. The dating of the rations was also too tight.
There were no incidents during the journey to Sobibor and during waiting times at rail stations, nor during the return journey.
Signed: Lt Fischmann
The Wiener Library London
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